好记性不如铅笔头

ARM, FreeRTOS, 操作系统

FreeRTOS代码阅读笔记:cortexM3支持代码

FreeRTOS为了做到跨平台性,把硬件调用代码抽象了出来,按照不同的硬件平台进行对应的实现。这里作者简单的笔记下cortexM3的支持代码。

cortexM3的硬件支持代码所在目录为:【 \FreeRTOSV8.2.1\FreeRTOS\Source\portable\RVDS\ARM_CM3 】

Portmacro.h:

#ifndef PORTMACRO_H
#define PORTMACRO_H

#ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
#endif

/*-----------------------------------------------------------
 * Port specific definitions.
 *
 * The settings in this file configure FreeRTOS correctly for the
 * given hardware and compiler.
 *
 * These settings should not be altered.
 *-----------------------------------------------------------
 */

/* Type definitions. */
#define portCHAR		char
#define portFLOAT		float
#define portDOUBLE		double
#define portLONG		long
#define portSHORT		short
#define portSTACK_TYPE	uint32_t
#define portBASE_TYPE	long

/*
CortexM3是32位处理器,因此栈也是32位的
*/
typedef portSTACK_TYPE StackType_t;
typedef long BaseType_t;
typedef unsigned long UBaseType_t;

#if( configUSE_16_BIT_TICKS == 1 )
	typedef uint16_t TickType_t;
	#define portMAX_DELAY ( TickType_t ) 0xffff
#else
	typedef uint32_t TickType_t;
	#define portMAX_DELAY ( TickType_t ) 0xffffffffUL

	/* 32-bit tick type on a 32-bit architecture, so reads of the tick count do
	not need to be guarded with a critical section. */
	#define portTICK_TYPE_IS_ATOMIC 1
#endif
/*-----------------------------------------------------------*/

/*
CortexM3的栈是向下生长的,一个字节8个bits。
*/
/* Architecture specifics. */
#define portSTACK_GROWTH			( -1 )
#define portTICK_PERIOD_MS			( ( TickType_t ) 1000 / configTICK_RATE_HZ )
#define portBYTE_ALIGNMENT			8
/*-----------------------------------------------------------*/

/* Scheduler utilities. */
extern void vPortYield( void );
/* 0xE000ED04是中断控制及状态寄存器,其中第28位是PendSV中断位,
即第28位置1 可以触发PendSV 中断。
*/
#define portNVIC_INT_CTRL_REG		( * ( ( volatile uint32_t * ) 0xe000ed04 ) )
#define portNVIC_PENDSVSET_BIT		( 1UL << 28UL )
#define portYIELD()					vPortYield()
#define portEND_SWITCHING_ISR( xSwitchRequired ) if( xSwitchRequired ) portNVIC_INT_CTRL_REG = portNVIC_PENDSVSET_BIT
#define portYIELD_FROM_ISR( x ) portEND_SWITCHING_ISR( x )
/*-----------------------------------------------------------*/

/* Critical section management. */
extern uint32_t ulPortSetInterruptMask( void );
extern void vPortClearInterruptMask( uint32_t ulNewMask );
extern void vPortEnterCritical( void );
extern void vPortExitCritical( void );

#define portDISABLE_INTERRUPTS()				ulPortSetInterruptMask()
#define portENABLE_INTERRUPTS()					vPortClearInterruptMask( 0 )
#define portENTER_CRITICAL()					vPortEnterCritical()
#define portEXIT_CRITICAL()						vPortExitCritical()
#define portSET_INTERRUPT_MASK_FROM_ISR()		ulPortSetInterruptMask()
#define portCLEAR_INTERRUPT_MASK_FROM_ISR(x)	vPortClearInterruptMask(x)
/*-----------------------------------------------------------*/

/* Tickless idle/low power functionality. */
#ifndef portSUPPRESS_TICKS_AND_SLEEP
	extern void vPortSuppressTicksAndSleep( TickType_t xExpectedIdleTime );
	#define portSUPPRESS_TICKS_AND_SLEEP( xExpectedIdleTime ) vPortSuppressTicksAndSleep( xExpectedIdleTime )
#endif
/*-----------------------------------------------------------*/

/* Port specific optimisations. */
#ifndef configUSE_PORT_OPTIMISED_TASK_SELECTION
	#define configUSE_PORT_OPTIMISED_TASK_SELECTION 1
#endif

#if configUSE_PORT_OPTIMISED_TASK_SELECTION == 1
/*
如果启用了task优先级优化,那么FreeRTOS会使用4字节即32个bits来标示优先级,
如果一个优先级上有task,那么该位被置1。这样最左边的1的位置就是当前最高
优先级。
*/

	/* Check the configuration. */
/*
由于是用4个字节来记录,因此最大的优先级只能是31,最多只有32个优先级
*/
	#if( configMAX_PRIORITIES > 32 )
		#error configUSE_PORT_OPTIMISED_TASK_SELECTION can only be set to 1 when configMAX_PRIORITIES is less than or equal to 32.  It is very rare that a system requires more than 10 to 15 difference priorities as tasks that share a priority will time slice.
	#endif

/*
设定/清除某个优先级其实就是把对应的位置1/0
*/
	/* Store/clear the ready priorities in a bit map. */
	#define portRECORD_READY_PRIORITY( uxPriority, uxReadyPriorities ) ( uxReadyPriorities ) |= ( 1UL << ( uxPriority ) )
	#define portRESET_READY_PRIORITY( uxPriority, uxReadyPriorities ) ( uxReadyPriorities ) &= ~( 1UL << ( uxPriority ) )

	/*-----------------------------------------------------------*/
/*
__clz是指令内置函数,用来计算前导0的数目,因此用31 - 前导0的个数= 最左边的1所在的位数,也就是当前的最大优先级。
*/
	#define portGET_HIGHEST_PRIORITY( uxTopPriority, uxReadyPriorities ) uxTopPriority = ( 31 - __clz( ( uxReadyPriorities ) ) )

#endif /* taskRECORD_READY_PRIORITY */
/*-----------------------------------------------------------*/

/* Task function macros as described on the FreeRTOS.org WEB site.  These are
not necessary for to use this port.  They are defined so the common demo files
(which build with all the ports) will build. */
#define portTASK_FUNCTION_PROTO( vFunction, pvParameters ) void vFunction( void *pvParameters )
#define portTASK_FUNCTION( vFunction, pvParameters ) void vFunction( void *pvParameters )
/*-----------------------------------------------------------*/

#ifdef configASSERT
	void vPortValidateInterruptPriority( void );
	#define portASSERT_IF_INTERRUPT_PRIORITY_INVALID() 	vPortValidateInterruptPriority()
#endif

/* portNOP() is not required by this port. */
#define portNOP()

#ifdef __cplusplus
}
#endif

#endif /* PORTMACRO_H */

port.c:

/* Scheduler includes. */
#include "FreeRTOS.h"
#include "task.h"

#ifndef configKERNEL_INTERRUPT_PRIORITY
	#define configKERNEL_INTERRUPT_PRIORITY 255
#endif

#if configMAX_SYSCALL_INTERRUPT_PRIORITY == 0
	#error configMAX_SYSCALL_INTERRUPT_PRIORITY must not be set to 0.  See http://www.FreeRTOS.org/RTOS-Cortex-M3-M4.html
#endif

#ifndef configSYSTICK_CLOCK_HZ
	#define configSYSTICK_CLOCK_HZ configCPU_CLOCK_HZ
	/* Ensure the SysTick is clocked at the same frequency as the core. */
	#define portNVIC_SYSTICK_CLK_BIT	( 1UL << 2UL )
#else
	/* The way the SysTick is clocked is not modified in case it is not the same
	as the core. */
	#define portNVIC_SYSTICK_CLK_BIT	( 0 )
#endif

/* The __weak attribute does not work as you might expect with the Keil tools
so the configOVERRIDE_DEFAULT_TICK_CONFIGURATION constant must be set to 1 if
the application writer wants to provide their own implementation of
vPortSetupTimerInterrupt().  Ensure configOVERRIDE_DEFAULT_TICK_CONFIGURATION
is defined. */
#ifndef configOVERRIDE_DEFAULT_TICK_CONFIGURATION
	#define configOVERRIDE_DEFAULT_TICK_CONFIGURATION 0
#endif

/* Constants required to manipulate the core.  Registers first... */
#define portNVIC_SYSTICK_CTRL_REG			( * ( ( volatile uint32_t * ) 0xe000e010 ) )
#define portNVIC_SYSTICK_LOAD_REG			( * ( ( volatile uint32_t * ) 0xe000e014 ) )
#define portNVIC_SYSTICK_CURRENT_VALUE_REG	( * ( ( volatile uint32_t * ) 0xe000e018 ) )
#define portNVIC_SYSPRI2_REG				( * ( ( volatile uint32_t * ) 0xe000ed20 ) )
/* ...then bits in the registers. */
#define portNVIC_SYSTICK_INT_BIT			( 1UL << 1UL )
#define portNVIC_SYSTICK_ENABLE_BIT			( 1UL << 0UL )
#define portNVIC_SYSTICK_COUNT_FLAG_BIT		( 1UL << 16UL )
#define portNVIC_PENDSVCLEAR_BIT 			( 1UL << 27UL )
#define portNVIC_PEND_SYSTICK_CLEAR_BIT		( 1UL << 25UL )

/* Masks off all bits but the VECTACTIVE bits in the ICSR register. */
#define portVECTACTIVE_MASK					( 0xFFUL )

#define portNVIC_PENDSV_PRI					( ( ( uint32_t ) configKERNEL_INTERRUPT_PRIORITY ) << 16UL )
#define portNVIC_SYSTICK_PRI				( ( ( uint32_t ) configKERNEL_INTERRUPT_PRIORITY ) << 24UL )

/* Constants required to check the validity of an interrupt priority. */
#define portFIRST_USER_INTERRUPT_NUMBER		( 16 )
#define portNVIC_IP_REGISTERS_OFFSET_16 	( 0xE000E3F0 )
#define portAIRCR_REG						( * ( ( volatile uint32_t * ) 0xE000ED0C ) )
#define portMAX_8_BIT_VALUE					( ( uint8_t ) 0xff )
#define portTOP_BIT_OF_BYTE					( ( uint8_t ) 0x80 )
#define portMAX_PRIGROUP_BITS				( ( uint8_t ) 7 )
#define portPRIORITY_GROUP_MASK				( 0x07UL << 8UL )
#define portPRIGROUP_SHIFT					( 8UL )

/* Constants required to set up the initial stack. */
#define portINITIAL_XPSR			( 0x01000000 )

/* Constants used with memory barrier intrinsics. */
#define portSY_FULL_READ_WRITE		( 15 )

/* The systick is a 24-bit counter. */
#define portMAX_24_BIT_NUMBER				( 0xffffffUL )

/* A fiddle factor to estimate the number of SysTick counts that would have
occurred while the SysTick counter is stopped during tickless idle
calculations. */
#define portMISSED_COUNTS_FACTOR			( 45UL )

/* Each task maintains its own interrupt status in the critical nesting
variable. */
static UBaseType_t uxCriticalNesting = 0xaaaaaaaa;

/*
 * Setup the timer to generate the tick interrupts.  The implementation in this
 * file is weak to allow application writers to change the timer used to
 * generate the tick interrupt.
 */
void vPortSetupTimerInterrupt( void );

/*
 * Exception handlers.
 */
void xPortPendSVHandler( void );
void xPortSysTickHandler( void );
void vPortSVCHandler( void );

/*
 * Start first task is a separate function so it can be tested in isolation.
 */
static void prvStartFirstTask( void );

/*
 * Used to catch tasks that attempt to return from their implementing function.
 */
static void prvTaskExitError( void );

/*-----------------------------------------------------------*/

/*
 * The number of SysTick increments that make up one tick period.
 */
#if configUSE_TICKLESS_IDLE == 1
	static uint32_t ulTimerCountsForOneTick = 0;
#endif /* configUSE_TICKLESS_IDLE */

/*
 * The maximum number of tick periods that can be suppressed is limited by the
 * 24 bit resolution of the SysTick timer.
 */
#if configUSE_TICKLESS_IDLE == 1
	static uint32_t xMaximumPossibleSuppressedTicks = 0;
#endif /* configUSE_TICKLESS_IDLE */

/*
 * Compensate for the CPU cycles that pass while the SysTick is stopped (low
 * power functionality only.
 */
#if configUSE_TICKLESS_IDLE == 1
	static uint32_t ulStoppedTimerCompensation = 0;
#endif /* configUSE_TICKLESS_IDLE */

/*
 * Used by the portASSERT_IF_INTERRUPT_PRIORITY_INVALID() macro to ensure
 * FreeRTOS API functions are not called from interrupts that have been assigned
 * a priority above configMAX_SYSCALL_INTERRUPT_PRIORITY.
 */
#if ( configASSERT_DEFINED == 1 )
	 static uint8_t ucMaxSysCallPriority = 0;
	 static uint32_t ulMaxPRIGROUPValue = 0;
	 static const volatile uint8_t * const pcInterruptPriorityRegisters = ( uint8_t * ) portNVIC_IP_REGISTERS_OFFSET_16;
#endif /* configASSERT_DEFINED */

/*-----------------------------------------------------------*/

/*
 * See header file for description.
 */
 /*
初始化一个task的栈,注意这里栈是向下生长的,返回的是栈顶的指针。
*/
StackType_t *pxPortInitialiseStack( StackType_t *pxTopOfStack, TaskFunction_t pxCode, void *pvParameters )
{
/*
栈内的元素的排列为:
      内存增长方向
<------------------------
xPSR PC LR R12 R3 R2 R1 R0  R11 R10 ... R4
*/

	/* Simulate the stack frame as it would be created by a context switch
	interrupt. */
	pxTopOfStack--; /* Offset added to account for the way the MCU uses the stack on entry/exit of interrupts. */
	*pxTopOfStack = portINITIAL_XPSR;	/* xPSR */
	pxTopOfStack--;
	*pxTopOfStack = ( StackType_t ) pxCode;	/* PC */
	pxTopOfStack--;
	*pxTopOfStack = ( StackType_t ) prvTaskExitError;	/* LR */

	pxTopOfStack -= 5;	/* R12, R3, R2 and R1. */
	*pxTopOfStack = ( StackType_t ) pvParameters;	/* R0 */
	pxTopOfStack -= 8;	/* R11, R10, R9, R8, R7, R6, R5 and R4. */

	return pxTopOfStack;
}
/*-----------------------------------------------------------*/

/* task退出错误,死循环在此,便于debug*/
static void prvTaskExitError( void )
{
	/* A function that implements a task must not exit or attempt to return to
	its caller as there is nothing to return to.  If a task wants to exit it
	should instead call vTaskDelete( NULL ).

	Artificially force an assert() to be triggered if configASSERT() is
	defined, then stop here so application writers can catch the error. */
	/* 如果定义了assert,那么会assert掉 */
	configASSERT( uxCriticalNesting == ~0UL );
	/* 禁掉中断 */
	portDISABLE_INTERRUPTS();

	/* 死循环 */
	for( ;; );
}
/*-----------------------------------------------------------*/

/*
SVC中断响应函数,在freertos中其实是没有调用的,
它是在中断向量中被引用的。如果使用keil,那么
需要手动的把SVC中断入口修改为该函数。
即:
            DCD     vPortSVCHandler           ; SVCall Handler

一般freertos或者其他的RTOS在cortexm3上是使用PendSV中断来进行
上下文task切换的。因此这里的SVC中断响应的作用只是freertos初始化时
会被触发一次,把第一个task调入上下文。

*/
__asm void vPortSVCHandler( void )
{
	PRESERVE8
/*
对pxCurrentTCB进行两次解引用,根据
typedef struct tskTaskControlBlock
{
	volatile StackType_t	*pxTopOfStack;
.....
}
可以知道两次解引用后的值就是pxTopOfStack,存放于R0中
*/


	ldr	r3, =pxCurrentTCB	/* Restore the context. */
	ldr r1, [r3]			/* Use pxCurrentTCBConst to get the pxCurrentTCB address. */
	ldr r0, [r1]			/* The first item in pxCurrentTCB is the task top of stack. */
/*
将R0指向的值放入R4,R0++,然后将R0指向的值放入R5,依次到R11。
这里需要注意M3的栈是向下生长的,R0被赋值是栈顶,因此++才会
取到栈里面的值。
*/
	ldmia r0!, {r4-r11}		/* Pop the registers that are not automatically saved on exception entry and the critical nesting count. */
/* 恢复用户栈顶,根据pxPortInitialiseStack 可知,这里写入的是pvParameters
正好是函数的入参。
*/
	msr psp, r0				/* Restore the task stack pointer. */
/* 指令隔离,用来清理指令流水线 */
	isb
/* 将basepri 设置为0,即不在屏蔽中断。 */	
	mov r0, #0
	msr	basepri, r0
/* 执行流程跳转。 */
	orr r14, #0xd
	bx r14
}
/*-----------------------------------------------------------*/

/* 启动第一个task */
__asm void prvStartFirstTask( void )
{
	PRESERVE8

/*
0xE000ED08是中断向量表的起始地址,中断向量表的第一个元素
是栈顶,因此对0xE000ED08进行两次解引用,获取的是栈顶地址。
*/

	/* Use the NVIC offset register to locate the stack. */
	ldr r0, =0xE000ED08
	ldr r0, [r0]
	ldr r0, [r0]

/* 还原系统栈msp */
	/* Set the msp back to the start of the stack. */
	msr msp, r0
	/* Globally enable interrupts. */
	cpsie i    /* 启动中断 */
	cpsie f   /* 启动异常响应 */
	dsb     /* 清洗数据流 */
	isb      /* 清洗指令流 */
	/* 触发SVC中断 */
	/* Call SVC to start the first task. */
	svc 0
	nop
	nop
}
/*-----------------------------------------------------------*/

/*
 * See header file for description.
 */
BaseType_t xPortStartScheduler( void )
{
	#if( configASSERT_DEFINED == 1 )
	{
		volatile uint32_t ulOriginalPriority;
		volatile uint8_t * const pucFirstUserPriorityRegister = ( uint8_t * ) ( portNVIC_IP_REGISTERS_OFFSET_16 + portFIRST_USER_INTERRUPT_NUMBER );
		volatile uint8_t ucMaxPriorityValue;

		/* Determine the maximum priority from which ISR safe FreeRTOS API
		functions can be called.  ISR safe functions are those that end in
		"FromISR".  FreeRTOS maintains separate thread and ISR API functions to
		ensure interrupt entry is as fast and simple as possible.

		Save the interrupt priority value that is about to be clobbered. */
		ulOriginalPriority = *pucFirstUserPriorityRegister;

		/* Determine the number of priority bits available.  First write to all
		possible bits. */
		*pucFirstUserPriorityRegister = portMAX_8_BIT_VALUE;

		/* Read the value back to see how many bits stuck. */
		ucMaxPriorityValue = *pucFirstUserPriorityRegister;

		/* Use the same mask on the maximum system call priority. */
		ucMaxSysCallPriority = configMAX_SYSCALL_INTERRUPT_PRIORITY & ucMaxPriorityValue;

		/* Calculate the maximum acceptable priority group value for the number
		of bits read back. */
		ulMaxPRIGROUPValue = portMAX_PRIGROUP_BITS;
		while( ( ucMaxPriorityValue & portTOP_BIT_OF_BYTE ) == portTOP_BIT_OF_BYTE )
		{
			ulMaxPRIGROUPValue--;
			ucMaxPriorityValue <<= ( uint8_t ) 0x01;
		}

		/* Shift the priority group value back to its position within the AIRCR
		register. */
		ulMaxPRIGROUPValue <<= portPRIGROUP_SHIFT;
		ulMaxPRIGROUPValue &= portPRIORITY_GROUP_MASK;

		/* Restore the clobbered interrupt priority register to its original
		value. */
		*pucFirstUserPriorityRegister = ulOriginalPriority;
	}
	#endif /* conifgASSERT_DEFINED */

	/* 设置中断优先级,感觉有点问题。 */
	/* Make PendSV and SysTick the lowest priority interrupts. */
	portNVIC_SYSPRI2_REG |= portNVIC_PENDSV_PRI;
	portNVIC_SYSPRI2_REG |= portNVIC_SYSTICK_PRI;

	/* Start the timer that generates the tick ISR.  Interrupts are disabled
	here already. */
	/* 启动systick 	*/
	vPortSetupTimerInterrupt();

	/* 初始化是设置为0 */
	/* Initialise the critical nesting count ready for the first task. */
	uxCriticalNesting = 0;

	/* 启动第一个函数,由于函数的最后会触发SVC中断,因此理论上是不会进入最后的return  */
	/* Start the first task. */
	prvStartFirstTask();

	/* Should not get here! */
	return 0;
}
/*-----------------------------------------------------------*/

void vPortEndScheduler( void )
{
	/* Not implemented in ports where there is nothing to return to.
	Artificially force an assert. */
	configASSERT( uxCriticalNesting == 1000UL );
}
/*-----------------------------------------------------------*/

/*yield */
void vPortYield( void )
{
	/*
	freertos实现yield很简单,直接触发PendSV中断,进行上下文切换即可。
	*/

	/* Set a PendSV to request a context switch. */
	portNVIC_INT_CTRL_REG = portNVIC_PENDSVSET_BIT;

	/* Barriers are normally not required but do ensure the code is completely
	within the specified behaviour for the architecture. */
	__dsb( portSY_FULL_READ_WRITE );
	__isb( portSY_FULL_READ_WRITE );
}
/*-----------------------------------------------------------*/

/* 进入关键代码段区域,禁止中断打断  */
void vPortEnterCritical( void )
{
	/* 禁止中断,其实是忽略掉指定优先级以下的 */
	portDISABLE_INTERRUPTS();

	/* 用这个变量来标记 */
	uxCriticalNesting++;
	/* 清洗流水线 */
	__dsb( portSY_FULL_READ_WRITE );
	__isb( portSY_FULL_READ_WRITE );

	/* This is not the interrupt safe version of the enter critical function so
	assert() if it is being called from an interrupt context.  Only API
	functions that end in "FromISR" can be used in an interrupt.  Only assert if
	the critical nesting count is 1 to protect against recursive calls if the
	assert function also uses a critical section. */
	if( uxCriticalNesting == 1 )
	{
	/* 0xE000ED04的前面0-9位标示了当前中断的编号 ,
	本函数不能在中断响应函数中调用。
	*/
		configASSERT( ( portNVIC_INT_CTRL_REG & portVECTACTIVE_MASK ) == 0 );
	}
}
/*-----------------------------------------------------------*/

/* 退出关键代码段区域 */
void vPortExitCritical( void )
{
	configASSERT( uxCriticalNesting );
	uxCriticalNesting--;
	if( uxCriticalNesting == 0 )
	{
	/* 启用中断 */
		portENABLE_INTERRUPTS();
	}
}
/*-----------------------------------------------------------*/

/* PendSV中断响应函数
功能很简单,把当前的task的环境打包好,然后调用进程调度函数。
*/
__asm void xPortPendSVHandler( void )
{
	extern uxCriticalNesting;
	extern pxCurrentTCB;
	extern vTaskSwitchContext;

	PRESERVE8

	mrs r0, psp
	isb

	ldr	r3, =pxCurrentTCB		/* Get the location of the current TCB. */
	ldr	r2, [r3]

	stmdb r0!, {r4-r11}			/* Save the remaining registers. */
	str r0, [r2]				/* Save the new top of stack into the first member of the TCB. */

	stmdb sp!, {r3, r14}

	/* 将basepri 设置为最高优先级,这样所有的中断都不会打断
	vTaskSwitchContext的执行。当vTaskSwitchContext执行完后,再把basepri 改回0
	*/
	mov r0, #configMAX_SYSCALL_INTERRUPT_PRIORITY
	msr basepri, r0 
	bl vTaskSwitchContext
	mov r0, #0
	msr basepri, r0
	/* 当vTaskSwitchContext执行完后,在把pCurr 的信息更新到寄存器中。 */
	ldmia sp!, {r3, r14}

	ldr r1, [r3]
	ldr r0, [r1]				/* The first item in pxCurrentTCB is the task top of stack. */
	ldmia r0!, {r4-r11}			/* Pop the registers and the critical nesting count. */
	msr psp, r0
	isb
	bx r14
	nop
}
/*-----------------------------------------------------------*/
/* systick 中断响应函数 */
void xPortSysTickHandler( void )
{
	/* The SysTick runs at the lowest interrupt priority, so when this interrupt
	executes all interrupts must be unmasked.  There is therefore no need to
	save and then restore the interrupt mask value as its value is already
	known. */

	/* systick中断不要被打断,这里先暂停其他的中断,搞定之后在恢复 */
	
	( void ) portSET_INTERRUPT_MASK_FROM_ISR();
	{
		/* 如果systick增加之后有上下文需要切换,那么就手动触发一次
		 PendSV,由于当前其他的中断是被暂停响应的,因此这里PendSV中断
		 不会立即响应。
		*/
		/* Increment the RTOS tick. */
		if( xTaskIncrementTick() != pdFALSE )
		{
			/* A context switch is required.  Context switching is performed in
			the PendSV interrupt.  Pend the PendSV interrupt. */
			portNVIC_INT_CTRL_REG = portNVIC_PENDSVSET_BIT;
		}
	}
	/* 还原 */
	portCLEAR_INTERRUPT_MASK_FROM_ISR( 0 );
}
/*-----------------------------------------------------------*/

#if configUSE_TICKLESS_IDLE == 1
/* 低功耗函数,暂不分析了 */
	__weak void vPortSuppressTicksAndSleep( TickType_t xExpectedIdleTime )
	{
	uint32_t ulReloadValue, ulCompleteTickPeriods, ulCompletedSysTickDecrements, ulSysTickCTRL;
	TickType_t xModifiableIdleTime;

		/* Make sure the SysTick reload value does not overflow the counter. */
		if( xExpectedIdleTime > xMaximumPossibleSuppressedTicks )
		{
			xExpectedIdleTime = xMaximumPossibleSuppressedTicks;
		}

		/* Stop the SysTick momentarily.  The time the SysTick is stopped for
		is accounted for as best it can be, but using the tickless mode will
		inevitably result in some tiny drift of the time maintained by the
		kernel with respect to calendar time. */
		portNVIC_SYSTICK_CTRL_REG &= ~portNVIC_SYSTICK_ENABLE_BIT;

		/* Calculate the reload value required to wait xExpectedIdleTime
		tick periods.  -1 is used because this code will execute part way
		through one of the tick periods. */
		ulReloadValue = portNVIC_SYSTICK_CURRENT_VALUE_REG + ( ulTimerCountsForOneTick * ( xExpectedIdleTime - 1UL ) );
		if( ulReloadValue > ulStoppedTimerCompensation )
		{
			ulReloadValue -= ulStoppedTimerCompensation;
		}

		/* Enter a critical section but don't use the taskENTER_CRITICAL()
		method as that will mask interrupts that should exit sleep mode. */
		__disable_irq();

		/* If a context switch is pending or a task is waiting for the scheduler
		to be unsuspended then abandon the low power entry. */
		if( eTaskConfirmSleepModeStatus() == eAbortSleep )
		{
			/* Restart from whatever is left in the count register to complete
			this tick period. */
			portNVIC_SYSTICK_LOAD_REG = portNVIC_SYSTICK_CURRENT_VALUE_REG;

			/* Restart SysTick. */
			portNVIC_SYSTICK_CTRL_REG |= portNVIC_SYSTICK_ENABLE_BIT;

			/* Reset the reload register to the value required for normal tick
			periods. */
			portNVIC_SYSTICK_LOAD_REG = ulTimerCountsForOneTick - 1UL;

			/* Re-enable interrupts - see comments above __disable_irq() call
			above. */
			__enable_irq();
		}
		else
		{
			/* Set the new reload value. */
			portNVIC_SYSTICK_LOAD_REG = ulReloadValue;

			/* Clear the SysTick count flag and set the count value back to
			zero. */
			portNVIC_SYSTICK_CURRENT_VALUE_REG = 0UL;

			/* Restart SysTick. */
			portNVIC_SYSTICK_CTRL_REG |= portNVIC_SYSTICK_ENABLE_BIT;

			/* Sleep until something happens.  configPRE_SLEEP_PROCESSING() can
			set its parameter to 0 to indicate that its implementation contains
			its own wait for interrupt or wait for event instruction, and so wfi
			should not be executed again.  However, the original expected idle
			time variable must remain unmodified, so a copy is taken. */
			xModifiableIdleTime = xExpectedIdleTime;
			configPRE_SLEEP_PROCESSING( xModifiableIdleTime );
			if( xModifiableIdleTime > 0 )
			{
				__dsb( portSY_FULL_READ_WRITE );
				__wfi();
				__isb( portSY_FULL_READ_WRITE );
			}
			configPOST_SLEEP_PROCESSING( xExpectedIdleTime );

			/* Stop SysTick.  Again, the time the SysTick is stopped for is
			accounted for as best it can be, but using the tickless mode will
			inevitably result in some tiny drift of the time maintained by the
			kernel with respect to calendar time. */
			ulSysTickCTRL = portNVIC_SYSTICK_CTRL_REG;
			portNVIC_SYSTICK_CTRL_REG = ( ulSysTickCTRL & ~portNVIC_SYSTICK_ENABLE_BIT );

			/* Re-enable interrupts - see comments above __disable_irq() call
			above. */
			__enable_irq();

			if( ( ulSysTickCTRL & portNVIC_SYSTICK_COUNT_FLAG_BIT ) != 0 )
			{
				uint32_t ulCalculatedLoadValue;

				/* The tick interrupt has already executed, and the SysTick
				count reloaded with ulReloadValue.  Reset the
				portNVIC_SYSTICK_LOAD_REG with whatever remains of this tick
				period. */
				ulCalculatedLoadValue = ( ulTimerCountsForOneTick - 1UL ) - ( ulReloadValue - portNVIC_SYSTICK_CURRENT_VALUE_REG );

				/* Don't allow a tiny value, or values that have somehow
				underflowed because the post sleep hook did something
				that took too long. */
				if( ( ulCalculatedLoadValue < ulStoppedTimerCompensation ) || ( ulCalculatedLoadValue > ulTimerCountsForOneTick ) )
				{
					ulCalculatedLoadValue = ( ulTimerCountsForOneTick - 1UL );
				}

				portNVIC_SYSTICK_LOAD_REG = ulCalculatedLoadValue;

				/* The tick interrupt handler will already have pended the tick
				processing in the kernel.  As the pending tick will be
				processed as soon as this function exits, the tick value
				maintained by the tick is stepped forward by one less than the
				time spent waiting. */
				ulCompleteTickPeriods = xExpectedIdleTime - 1UL;
			}
			else
			{
				/* Something other than the tick interrupt ended the sleep.
				Work out how long the sleep lasted rounded to complete tick
				periods (not the ulReload value which accounted for part
				ticks). */
				ulCompletedSysTickDecrements = ( xExpectedIdleTime * ulTimerCountsForOneTick ) - portNVIC_SYSTICK_CURRENT_VALUE_REG;

				/* How many complete tick periods passed while the processor
				was waiting? */
				ulCompleteTickPeriods = ulCompletedSysTickDecrements / ulTimerCountsForOneTick;

				/* The reload value is set to whatever fraction of a single tick
				period remains. */
				portNVIC_SYSTICK_LOAD_REG = ( ( ulCompleteTickPeriods + 1 ) * ulTimerCountsForOneTick ) - ulCompletedSysTickDecrements;
			}

			/* Restart SysTick so it runs from portNVIC_SYSTICK_LOAD_REG
			again, then set portNVIC_SYSTICK_LOAD_REG back to its standard
			value.  The critical section is used to ensure the tick interrupt
			can only execute once in the case that the reload register is near
			zero. */
			portNVIC_SYSTICK_CURRENT_VALUE_REG = 0UL;
			portENTER_CRITICAL();
			{
				portNVIC_SYSTICK_CTRL_REG |= portNVIC_SYSTICK_ENABLE_BIT;
				vTaskStepTick( ulCompleteTickPeriods );
				portNVIC_SYSTICK_LOAD_REG = ulTimerCountsForOneTick - 1UL;
			}
			portEXIT_CRITICAL();
		}
	}

#endif /* #if configUSE_TICKLESS_IDLE */

/*-----------------------------------------------------------*/

/*
 * Setup the SysTick timer to generate the tick interrupts at the required
 * frequency.
 */
#if configOVERRIDE_DEFAULT_TICK_CONFIGURATION == 0

	/* 启动systick定时器
参考【 http://116.62.110.235/blog/arm-learning-readily-notes-the-use-of-systick-timer/  】
	*/
	void vPortSetupTimerInterrupt( void )
	{
		/* Calculate the constants required to configure the tick interrupt. */
		#if configUSE_TICKLESS_IDLE == 1
		{
			ulTimerCountsForOneTick = ( configSYSTICK_CLOCK_HZ / configTICK_RATE_HZ );
			xMaximumPossibleSuppressedTicks = portMAX_24_BIT_NUMBER / ulTimerCountsForOneTick;
			ulStoppedTimerCompensation = portMISSED_COUNTS_FACTOR / ( configCPU_CLOCK_HZ / configSYSTICK_CLOCK_HZ );
		}
		#endif /* configUSE_TICKLESS_IDLE */

		/* Configure SysTick to interrupt at the requested rate. */
		portNVIC_SYSTICK_LOAD_REG = ( configSYSTICK_CLOCK_HZ / configTICK_RATE_HZ ) - 1UL;
		portNVIC_SYSTICK_CTRL_REG = ( portNVIC_SYSTICK_CLK_BIT | portNVIC_SYSTICK_INT_BIT | portNVIC_SYSTICK_ENABLE_BIT );
	}

#endif /* configOVERRIDE_DEFAULT_TICK_CONFIGURATION */
/*-----------------------------------------------------------*/

/* 将当前basepri的值返回,然后将basepri设置为最大中断优先级,相当于屏蔽了中断 */
__asm uint32_t ulPortSetInterruptMask( void )
{
	PRESERVE8

	/* 根据函数调用规则,返回值放到R0中 */
	mrs r0, basepri 
	mov r1, #configMAX_SYSCALL_INTERRUPT_PRIORITY
	msr basepri, r1
	bx r14
}
/*-----------------------------------------------------------*/

/* 设置basepri的值。 */
__asm void vPortClearInterruptMask( uint32_t ulNewMask )
{
	PRESERVE8
	/* 根据函数调用规则,第一个入参放入R0中 */
	msr basepri, r0
	bx r14
}
/*-----------------------------------------------------------*/

/* 返回当前的ipsr的值 */
__asm uint32_t vPortGetIPSR( void )
{
	PRESERVE8

	mrs r0, ipsr
	bx r14
}
/*-----------------------------------------------------------*/

#if( configASSERT_DEFINED == 1 )

	void vPortValidateInterruptPriority( void )
	{
	uint32_t ulCurrentInterrupt;
	uint8_t ucCurrentPriority;

		/* Obtain the number of the currently executing interrupt. */
		ulCurrentInterrupt = vPortGetIPSR();

		/* Is the interrupt number a user defined interrupt? */
		if( ulCurrentInterrupt >= portFIRST_USER_INTERRUPT_NUMBER )
		{
			/* Look up the interrupt's priority. */
			ucCurrentPriority = pcInterruptPriorityRegisters[ ulCurrentInterrupt ];

			/* The following assertion will fail if a service routine (ISR) for
			an interrupt that has been assigned a priority above
			configMAX_SYSCALL_INTERRUPT_PRIORITY calls an ISR safe FreeRTOS API
			function.  ISR safe FreeRTOS API functions must *only* be called
			from interrupts that have been assigned a priority at or below
			configMAX_SYSCALL_INTERRUPT_PRIORITY.

			Numerically low interrupt priority numbers represent logically high
			interrupt priorities, therefore the priority of the interrupt must
			be set to a value equal to or numerically *higher* than
			configMAX_SYSCALL_INTERRUPT_PRIORITY.

			Interrupts that	use the FreeRTOS API must not be left at their
			default priority of	zero as that is the highest possible priority,
			which is guaranteed to be above configMAX_SYSCALL_INTERRUPT_PRIORITY,
			and	therefore also guaranteed to be invalid.

			FreeRTOS maintains separate thread and ISR API functions to ensure
			interrupt entry is as fast and simple as possible.

			The following links provide detailed information:
			http://www.freertos.org/RTOS-Cortex-M3-M4.html
			http://www.freertos.org/FAQHelp.html */
			configASSERT( ucCurrentPriority >= ucMaxSysCallPriority );
		}

		/* Priority grouping:  The interrupt controller (NVIC) allows the bits
		that define each interrupt's priority to be split between bits that
		define the interrupt's pre-emption priority bits and bits that define
		the interrupt's sub-priority.  For simplicity all bits must be defined
		to be pre-emption priority bits.  The following assertion will fail if
		this is not the case (if some bits represent a sub-priority).

		If the application only uses CMSIS libraries for interrupt
		configuration then the correct setting can be achieved on all Cortex-M
		devices by calling NVIC_SetPriorityGrouping( 0 ); before starting the
		scheduler.  Note however that some vendor specific peripheral libraries
		assume a non-zero priority group setting, in which cases using a value
		of zero will result in unpredicable behaviour. */
		configASSERT( ( portAIRCR_REG & portPRIORITY_GROUP_MASK ) <= ulMaxPRIGROUPValue );
	}

#endif /* configASSERT_DEFINED */

 

Leave a Reply

7 + 2 =

此站点使用Akismet来减少垃圾评论。了解我们如何处理您的评论数据