好记性不如铅笔头

安全, 操作系统

kali下使用nikto扫描网站

!!!笔记仅供学习交流使用,请勿进行其他用途!!! 

参考【 http://www.computersecuritystudent.com/SECURITY_TOOLS/DVWA/DVWAv107/lesson13/index.html 】

nikto帮助文档

帮助文档比较复杂,这里就使用最简单的几种方法:

root@kali:~# nikto -H

   Options:
       -ask+               Whether to ask about submitting updates
                               yes   Ask about each (default)
                               no    Don't ask, don't send
                               auto  Don't ask, just send
       -Cgidirs+           Scan these CGI dirs: "none", "all", or values like "/cgi/ /cgi-a/"
       -config+            Use this config file
       -Display+           Turn on/off display outputs:
                               1     Show redirects
                               2     Show cookies received
                               3     Show all 200/OK responses
                               4     Show URLs which require authentication
                               D     Debug output
                               E     Display all HTTP errors
                               P     Print progress to STDOUT
                               S     Scrub output of IPs and hostnames
                               V     Verbose output
       -dbcheck           Check database and other key files for syntax errors
       -evasion+          Encoding technique:
                               1     Random URI encoding (non-UTF8)
                               2     Directory self-reference (/./)
                               3     Premature URL ending
                               4     Prepend long random string
                               5     Fake parameter
                               6     TAB as request spacer
                               7     Change the case of the URL
                               8     Use Windows directory separator (\)
                               A     Use a carriage return (0x0d) as a request spacer
                               B     Use binary value 0x0b as a request spacer
        -Format+           Save file (-o) format:
                               csv   Comma-separated-value
                               htm   HTML Format
                               msf+  Log to Metasploit
                               nbe   Nessus NBE format
                               txt   Plain text
                               xml   XML Format
                               (if not specified the format will be taken from the file extension passed to -output)
       -Help              Extended help information
       -host+             Target host
       -IgnoreCode        Ignore Codes--treat as negative responses
       -id+               Host authentication to use, format is id:pass or id:pass:realm
       -key+              Client certificate key file
       -list-plugins      List all available plugins, perform no testing
       -maxtime+          Maximum testing time per host
       -mutate+           Guess additional file names:
                               1     Test all files with all root directories
                               2     Guess for password file names
                               3     Enumerate user names via Apache (/~user type requests)
                               4     Enumerate user names via cgiwrap (/cgi-bin/cgiwrap/~user type requests)
                               5     Attempt to brute force sub-domain names, assume that the host name is the parent domain
                               6     Attempt to guess directory names from the supplied dictionary file
       -mutate-options    Provide information for mutates
       -nointeractive     Disables interactive features
       -nolookup          Disables DNS lookups
       -nossl             Disables the use of SSL
       -no404             Disables nikto attempting to guess a 404 page
       -output+           Write output to this file ('.' for auto-name)
       -Pause+            Pause between tests (seconds, integer or float)
       -Plugins+          List of plugins to run (default: ALL)
       -port+             Port to use (default 80)
       -RSAcert+          Client certificate file
       -root+             Prepend root value to all requests, format is /directory
       -Save              Save positive responses to this directory ('.' for auto-name)
       -ssl               Force ssl mode on port
       -Tuning+           Scan tuning:
                               1     Interesting File / Seen in logs
                               2     Misconfiguration / Default File
                               3     Information Disclosure
                               4     Injection (XSS/Script/HTML)
                               5     Remote File Retrieval - Inside Web Root
                               6     Denial of Service
                               7     Remote File Retrieval - Server Wide
                               8     Command Execution / Remote Shell
                               9     SQL Injection
                               0     File Upload
                               a     Authentication Bypass
                               b     Software Identification
                               c     Remote Source Inclusion
                               x     Reverse Tuning Options (i.e., include all except specified)
       -timeout+          Timeout for requests (default 10 seconds)
       -Userdbs           Load only user databases, not the standard databases
                               all   Disable standard dbs and load only user dbs
                               tests Disable only db_tests and load udb_tests
       -until             Run until the specified time or duration
       -update            Update databases and plugins from CIRT.net
       -useproxy          Use the proxy defined in nikto.conf
       -Version           Print plugin and database versions
       -vhost+            Virtual host (for Host header)
   		+ requires a value

nikto使用示例

使用前需要更新nikto,输入命令:

nikto -update

但有时候会出现网路问题,作者这里这样处理的,如下,不知道对不对。

root@kali:~# nikto -update
+ Retrieving 'db_tests'
+ ERROR: Unable to get CIRT.net/nikto/UPDATES/2.1.5/db_tests

首先查找文件【 db_tests 】:

root@kali:~# cd /
root@kali:/# find . -name "db_tests"
./usr/share/webshag/database/nikto/db_tests
./var/lib/nikto/databases/db_tests

然后删掉文件,重新更新,就可以了:

root@kali:/# cd /var/lib/nikto/databases/
root@kali:/var/lib/nikto/databases# rm db_tests
root@kali:/var/lib/nikto/databases# nikto -update
+ Retrieving 'db_tests'
+ CIRT.net message: Please submit Nikto bugs to http://trac2.assembla.com/Nikto_2/report/2

如果还是不行,就手动下载:

root@kali:/var/lib/nikto/databases# wget CIRT.net/nikto/UPDATES/2.1.5/db_tests

更新好之后就可以扫描了:

root@kali:/var/lib/nikto/databases# nikto -host http://192.168.168.109/DVWA-1.0.8
- Nikto v2.1.5
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
+ Target IP:          192.168.168.109
+ Target Hostname:    192.168.168.109
+ Target Port:        80
+ Start Time:         2014-04-28 23:08:40 (GMT8)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
+ Server: Apache/2.4.9 (Unix) OpenSSL/1.0.1g PHP/5.5.11 mod_perl/2.0.8-dev Perl/v5.16.3
+ Retrieved x-powered-by header: PHP/5.5.11
+ The anti-clickjacking X-Frame-Options header is not present.
+ Cookie PHPSESSID created without the httponly flag
+ Cookie security created without the httponly flag
+ Root page / redirects to: login.php
+ No CGI Directories found (use '-C all' to force check all possible dirs)
+ Server leaks inodes via ETags, header found with file /DVWA-1.0.8/robots.txt, fields: 0x1a 0x4dba8594c3d80 
+ File/dir '/' in robots.txt returned a non-forbidden or redirect HTTP code (302)
+ "robots.txt" contains 1 entry which should be manually viewed.
+ Allowed HTTP Methods: POST, OPTIONS, GET, HEAD, TRACE 
+ OSVDB-877: HTTP TRACE method is active, suggesting the host is vulnerable to XST
+ OSVDB-3268: /DVWA-1.0.8/config/: Directory indexing found.
+ /DVWA-1.0.8/config/: Configuration information may be available remotely.
+ OSVDB-3268: /DVWA-1.0.8/docs/: Directory indexing found.
+ /DVWA-1.0.8/login.php: Admin login page/section found.
+ 6545 items checked: 0 error(s) and 13 item(s) reported on remote host
+ End Time:           2014-04-28 23:09:03 (GMT8) (23 seconds)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
+ 1 host(s) tested

漏洞使用

877漏洞:

root@kali:/var/lib/nikto/databases# telnet 192.168.168.109 80
Trying 192.168.168.109...
Connected to 192.168.168.109.
Escape character is '^]'.

get index.html

。。。。。。
。。。。。。
  <a href="/">localhost</a><br />
  <span>Apache/2.4.9 (Unix) OpenSSL/1.0.1g PHP/5.5.11 mod_perl/2.0.8-dev Perl/v5.16.3</span>
</address>
</body>
</html>

Connection closed by foreign host.

服务器的配置信息暴露了~~

3268漏洞:

查看网页:

参看服务器端,果然有这个文件。

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